The beings in ancient Egyptian tradition who might be labelled as deities and have been worshiped in Egypt since ancient times are numerous. Here are five of them!
Often considered to be the King of the Gods and the patron of the Pharaoh, Ra was one of the most important ancient deities in Egyptian mythology. To the Egyptians, the sun represented light, warmth, and growth and Ra was seen as the Egyptian solar deity. It was believed man originated from his tears. Cult-followers believed that Ra was self-created, while followers of Ptah believed that Ra was created by Ptah. He was often described as the creator. Most of the incredible temples found in ancient Egypt are the ones built to honour Ra and unlike the usual temples built to honour other Egyptian gods, temples to Ra are open to the sunlight and don’t feature a statue of the God since He was represented by the sunlight. Ra was thought to travel on two solar boats called the Mandjet or morning boat and the Mesektet or evening boat.
Mut meaning Mother in the Egyptian language is a primal deity in Egyptian who wears two crowns on her head each representing Upper and Lower Egypt. Also titled as “She who gives birth, but was herself not born of any”, Mut is represented as a Vulture in hieroglyphs. With different integration with various other deities, Mut is portrayed as a Cat, Cobra, Cow and even Lioness. Mother of Khonsu, Mut with her different associations with many arbitraries was supported by many rulers of Egypt who followed the civilisation’s beliefs.
Osiris is usually identified as the god of the afterlife, the underworld and the dead, and was considered not only a merciful judge of the dead in the afterlife but also the underworld agency that granted all life. He was one of the most worshipped and most important Ancient Egyptian Gods. Osiris was the first son of Geb and Nut and the brother of Set, Isis, Haroeris and Nephthys. He was also the father of Horus and Anubis. The constellation of Orion was associated with the Egyptian god Osiris while Sirius was associated with Isis.
Isis was one of the most prominent Egyptian deities, she was worshiped as the ideal mother and wife as well as the patroness of nature and magic. She was the friend of slaves, sinners, artisans and the downtrodden, but she also listened to the prayers of the wealthy, maidens, aristocrats and rulers. Isis was the first daughter of Geb, god of the Earth, and Nut, goddess of the Sky, and she was born on the fourth intercalary day. She married her brother, Osiris, and she conceived Horus with him.
She was initially a relatively “obscure” goddess lacking her own temples but she eventually grew in importance in the dynastic age eventually becoming one of the most important deities of ancient Egypt. Her influence spread across lands like no other Goddess at that time in history being worshipped in the Roman Empire, England and Afghanistan.
Before Osiris took over, Anubis patrolled the Afterlife. Being a psychopomps Anubis was the offspring of Ra and Nephthys was known for mummifying the dead ones and guiding the dead soul towards the afterlife. Having his skin tone black, he is symbolised as the dark Nile deposits which eased off farming and making it a successful one. With the head of a jackal and a body of the man, Anubis also symbolised Renaissance and the staining of the dead bodies after the embalming i.e preserving dead human remains.